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What is A Guide to the Default IP Address

Default IP Address Access Your Network Settings

On most home and small business routers, the default IP address used to access the administrative console is This default IP address is part of the subnet, which is a private address space reserved for use in local area networks (LANs). This subnet can contain up to 254 host addresses.

This IP essentially serves as the front door to the router’s administrative interface. If you visit, you will typically see a login screen for the router admin console.

Let’s learn about this default IP address and why it matters. 

Some basics

Routers will typically assign to themselves as a LAN-facing IP address. That way, computers on the LAN can access the router’s configuration pages by visiting http://192.168.01 in a web browser. 

As a private IP address, it is not routable on the public internet. Only devices on the LAN can access it. 

Even though the IP address is the same, you must still enter the unique username and password correctly. These are set during the initial configuration process, typically in the factory, but they can also be changed at a later date. 

When you access the router’s administrative console at, you will find: 

  • Wireless settings
  • Port forwarding
  • DHCP settings
  • Firewall rules
  • And more

Becoming familiar with this common default gateway address is useful for optimizing and troubleshooting issues on your private network.

Default IP Address Manage Your Router Settings

How to access your router at

If your router is set to this default gateway, you will access it by visiting 

At this point, it will prompt you with a login screen for your router’s administration page. Here you will need to enter the correct username and password to access the control panel and settings. 

The default credentials are often preset from the factory, and you can find them in the Router Manual/Handbook. They may also be printed on a sticker found on either the back or bottom of your router. (You can change these settings later for better security.) 

Once you log into the router’s interface, you will have administrative access to the device’s configuration options. Although the exact settings will differ based on the router model and manufacturer, you are most likely to see: 

  • Wireless settings like SSID, security mode, channel, and bandwidth controls
  • Local network settings for DHCP, reservations, local domain, etc.
  • Port forwarding to enable external access to devices on your LAN
  • Parental controls, guest networks, access scheduling, and traffic prioritization
  • Firewall configuration for blocking/allowing connections
  • Remote and local site-to-site VPN options
  • Administrative settings like firmware updates, backup/restore, diagnostics

Being able to access these controls means you can manage your local network environment successfully. You can change your security settings, configure port forwarding for gaming, block specific websites, and troubleshoot connectivity issues. 

Do business networks use this default gateway? is more commonly used on consumer-grade routers, including from popular router companies like Linksys, Netgear, Asus, and TP-Link. 

Some small and medium-sized businesses may use the same gateway on their office routers. Both home users and business IT staff benefit from the convenience of accessing their routers through a standard, default IP address. However, there are some security-related reasons to switch to a new static IP address. 

Setting up a non-default admin IP makes it slightly harder for unauthorized users to find and attempt to breach the router’s administrative console. 

How to change the default admin IP address

Network administrators can easily change the router’s LAN IP address to something non-standard. 

Here is a step-by-step guide:

  1. Access the router’s configuration settings
  2. Locate the WAN (Wide Area Network) port settings
  3. Assign a static public IP address to the WAN port (You may need to contact your ISP to obtain this IP address) 
  4. Determine the LAN (Local Area Network) interface where the router’s administrative console is hosted
  5. Select a private IP address from the RFC 1918 address ranges (Examples include,,, or any other non-standard address that doesn’t conflict with existing devices on your network) 
  6. Access the router’s settings
  7. Navigate to the LAN settings or network configuration settings
  8. Replace the default LAN IP address with the chosen non-standard address
  9. Save the configuration settings on the router
  10. You may need to reboot the router for the changes to take effect
  11. Open a web browser and enter the new LAN IP address
  12. Log in using your router’s admin credentials

Are there any administrative issues related to changing the IP address? 

Changing the default IP address to a new one may create some administrative headaches. 

For example, you would need to document the new IP well so that all legitimate users can easily access the admin console. Additionally, you would need to update any existing port forwarding or static DHCP reservations that reference 

Connected devices may need their static IP or gateway settings adjusted. Additionally, users will be unable to rely on common default behavior when troubleshooting. 

In many cases, the added security benefit does not outweigh the resulting complexity from changing the well-known default. But in some high-security environments, using a randomized or custom router IP does have advantages and may be worth implementing.

Default IP Address Access Your Router's Settings

What to remember about

The IP address has emerged as the standard default for accessing router administrative consoles on both home and business networks. 

While using this common public default does imply some security risks, the convenience and ease of use it provides has led to widespread adoption across many device manufacturers. 

Whether you’re optimizing your home network or ensuring smooth operations in a business environment, understanding is a valuable asset in the world of networking.

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